Shakti Jain, Urvashi Barman Singh, Yashi Srivastava


Background: Pre term labour (PTL) is responsible for 75-80% of admission to intensive care neonatal units. Causes of
PTL have not been established but several risk factors are associated with it
Aim: The aim of this study is to nd association of genitourinary tract infections in aetiopathogenesis of preterm labour.
Subject and methods: This was case control study conducted over one year.100 pregnant women having PTL without risk factors with intact
membrane were compared with 100 pregnant women having labour at > 37 weeks. The two groups were screened for urinary and vaginal
infections. At delivery further swabs were taken from foetal surface of placenta.
Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that genitourinary tract infection is the major factor in aetiopathogenesis of preterm labour. Therefore
screening for genitourinary tract infection is strongly recommended to be included in prenatal care.

Full Text:



Romero, R., Sibai, B. & S. Caritis (1993): Am. J. Obstet. Gynae., 169:764-774.

Zahra shahshahan and Ousha Rasouli Theuse of maternal C-reactive protein in the prediction of preterm labour 2014 Jul 31

S.R. Dimetry, H.M. EL-Tokhy, N.M. Abdo, M.A. Ebrahim, M. Eissa Urinary tract infection and adverse outcome of pregnancy j Egypt Public Health Assoc, 82 (2007), pp. 203-218

E. Holst, A.R. Goffeng, B. Andersch bacterial vaginosis and vaginal microorganism in idiopathic premature labour and association with pregnancy outcome Clin Microbiol, 32 (1994), pp.176-186.

J.C. Carey, M.A. Klebanoff is a change in the vaginal flora associated with an increased risk of preterm birth? Am J Obstet Gynaecol, 192 (2005), pp. 1341-1346.

L.F. Cram, M.I. Zapata, E.C. Toy, B. Baker 3rd genitourinary tract infections and their association with preterm labour Am Fam Physician, 65 (2002), pp. 241-248

Kubota, T. (1998): Br. J. Obstet Gynaecol., 92:926-930.

Gractacos, E. & F. Figueras (1998): Acta Obst. Gynae. Scand., 77:37-40

A. Jakovljevic, M. Bogavac, A.Nikolic, M.M.Tosic, Z. Novakovic, Z. Stajic The influence of bacterial vaginosis on gestational week of the completion of delivery and biochemical markers of inflammation in the serum Vojnosanit Pregl, 71 (2014), pp.931-935


  • There are currently no refbacks.