PROFILE OF ANIMAL BITES AND TREATMENT SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF VICTIMS IN A RURAL COMMUNITY OF WEST BENGAL

Dr. Baisakhi Maji, Dr. Jadab Ch. Sardar, Dr Pankaj Kumar Mandal

Abstract


Rabies is practically 100% fatal & it is a neglected tropical disease of world wide importance with about 60,000 deaths annually. Most of the cases
occur in Asia & Africa. Community based observational cross-sectional study was conducted in north 24 parganas, W. B. A house to house visit
was done using pre-tested schedule and total 1516 persons were surveyed covering 288 houses among whom 32 animal bite cases were detected.
Prevalence of animal bite 2.1%, mostly males (62.5%) and 71.95% were 15-60 yrs, dog bite cases (59.4%), common site of injury lower limb
(68.7%), all cat III victims were not given immunoglobulin & 21.9% did not wash wounds & 78.1% washed wound for 1/2 minutes. Major cause
lack of awareness and non availability of rabies immunoglobulin (RIG).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Park K. Park's Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine, 24th Edition, M/s. Banersidas Bhanot Publishers, Jabalpur (M.P.), India 2017, 294-96.

Bhalwar R. Bhalwar's Text book of community Medicine, 3rd Edition, Wolters Kluwer Pvt. Ltd. Publisher, New Delhi, India, 2019, 736-38.

Assessing burden of rabies in India, APCRI : WHO sponsored National Multicentric Rabies Survey, 2003, available at http://www.rabies.origin/rabies/whosurvey.

Santra S. Lahiri Sk, Guha Ray, T, 'Determinants of Animal bite and practices following bite among the victims attending a block primary health centre of West Bengal', International Journal of Health Sciences & Reseasch 2005, vol. 5; Issue 8, 24-7.

Sudarshan MK, Mahendra B J et al – An epidemiological study of animal bites in India, J. Communicable diseases 2006 March, 38 (1) : 32-39.

Sudarshan MK, Madhusudana S N et al – "Assessing the burden of human rabies in India : Results of a National multicentric epidemidogical Survey", Int J. Infections diseases 2007, Jan II (1) : 2135.

National guidelines for management of Animal bites, available at http://www.rabies.origin/rabies/journal/rabies07/guidelines.htm.

Guidelines for animal bite management, National rabies control programme, Directorate of Health Services, PH & CD branch, Govt. of W. B., Oct. 2019.

Bhuyan P. J. - Epidemiology, prevention & control of rabies in India – A review study, Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences 2012; 1(3): 180-4 available at http//www.jemds.com/date pdf/bhuyan/rabies.pdf.

Ichhpujani RL, Chhabra M et al – knowledge attitude & practices about animal bites and rabies in general community – A multicentric study. J. Comm diseases 2006; 38: 355-61.

N. Agarwal, V. P. Reddaiah, 'knowledge attitude and practice following dog bite : a community based epidemidogical study; Health and Population. Perspectives and issues 26 (4) 154-161, 2003, available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nihgov/pubmed.

Lawnga SK, Lemeshow S, Sample size determination in Health studies – A practical manual, World Health Organization, Geneva 1991:p-1,17,72.

Karthik C, Viswanantha PG et al – profile of dog bite cases attending the outpatient department of an urban health training centre in Bangalore City, India, Int Journal Community Medicine Public Health 2016; 3:1765-68.

Ghosh Ayan, Pal Ranbir, Profile of dog bite cases in an urban area of Kolkata, India, National Journal of Community Medicine, vol.5, issue 3, Apr.-Jun 2014, 321-4, available at http//www.njcmindia.org.

Hardanahalli RS, Annadani R, Undi M et al. Economic costs of rabies post-exposure prophylaxis, India J. Community Health.2017, 29 (2) : 156-61.

Umarigar P, Parmar G, Patel PB et al. Profile of animal bite cases attending urban health centre in Surat City, A cross sectional study. National J of Community Medicine 2012, 3 (4): 631-5.

Sangeetha S, Sujatha K et al; An epidemiological study of animal bites among rural population in Tamil Nadu, India, Int J. Comm Med. Public Health 2016; 3 : 1413-8.

Shankaraiah RH, Rajashekar RA, Veenav et al. compliance to anti-rabies vaccine in post-exposure prophylaxis. Indian J. public Health 2015, 59:58-80.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.