STUDY OF NUTRITIONAL AND IMMUNIZATION STATUS IN CHILDREN 6 MONTHS TO 3 YEARS ATTENDING IMMUNIZATION CLINIC, UHTC, IGIMS, PATNA.

Dr. Abha Kumari, Dr. Sanjay Kumar Choudhary, Dr. Sanjay Kumar

Abstract


Background: In the rst three years of life, good nutrition plays an important role in forming a good foundation that has impact on child's future
physical and mental development. In this study we are focussing on the nutritional and immunization status in children 6months to 3 years
attending immunization clinic,UHTC,IGIMS,PATNA with special emphasis to identify moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute
malnutrition (SAM) cases.
Methods : It is an observational study carried out immunization clinic at UHTC,I.G.I.M.S. Patna included 400 cases age between 6 months to 3
years This study was conducted from January 2019 to June 2019 in immunization clinic UHTC, IGIMS Patna.
Results: Incidence of SAM and MAM is 7.5% and 30.75 % respectively. Female predominance was seen in SAM and MAM i.e. 53.4% and 54.6%
respectively. Signicant association of under-nutrition was found with LBW (p<0.05), not giving exclusive breast feeding up to 6 months of life
(p<0.05) and, Low socioeconomic status (p<0.001). Higher numbers of females were unvaccinated.
Conclusions: Despite our great effort for improving maternal and child health, signicant number of children are malnourished and
unimmunized. So, for their better health we need to start from birth, institutional delivery, exclusive breast feeding, immunization, and timely
introduction of complementary feeds, marriages at appropriate age, proper antenatal visits and birth spacing.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Shah PU, Patel NJ: A study about prevalence of under nutrition among slum children of 0-60 months of age of Mehsana city. International Research Journal 2009;2(7):84-5.

De Onis M, Monteiro C, Akré J, Clugston G. The worldwide magnitude of protein-energy malnutrition: an overview from the WHO Global Database on Child Growth. Bulletin of the World health Organization. 1993;71(6):703-12.

UNICEF. Child Mortality 2017. 3 UN Plazas, New

York, New York, 10017 USA: UNICEF; 2017. p. 140.

International Union of Nutrition Sciences. Statement of endorsement of the WHO Child Growth

Standards.2006 ;2-3

Singh T, Sharma S, Nagesh S. Socio-economic status scales updated for 2017. Int J Res Med Sci. 2017;5(7):3264-7.

Mittal A, Singh J, Ahluwalia SK. Effect of maternal factors on nutritional status of 1-5-year-old children in urban slum population. Indian J Community Med 2007;32(4):264-67

Kumar A, Kamath V, Kamath A, Rao CR, Pattanshetty S, Sagir A. Nutritional status assessment of under five beneficiaries under integrated child development services program in rural Karnataka. Austral Med J. 2010;3(8):495–8.

Bose K, Biswas S, Bisai S, Ganguli S, Khatun A, Mukhopadhyay A, Bhadra M. Stunting, underweight and wasting among Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme children aged 3-5 years. Matern Child Nutr. 2007;3(3):216-

Padmamohan JP, Khandeka Raju. Low birth weight as a determinant of protein energy malnutrition in 0–5 years Omani children of South Batinah region, Oman. Saudi Med J. 2004;25(8):1091–6.

Solomon Amsalu, Zemene Tigabu. Risk factors for severe acute malnutrition in children under the age of five: A case-control study. Ethiop J Health Dev 2008;1:22-4

Nahar B, Ahmed T, Brown KH, Hossain MI: Risk Factors Associated with Severe Underweight among Young Children Reporting to a Diarrhoea Treatment Facility in Bangladesh. J Health Popul Nutr. 2010, 28 (5):476-83


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.