CONCEPT OF AUTOIMMUNE HEPATITIS IN AYURVEDA PERSPECTIVE – A CONCEPTUAL STUDY

Dr. Arti Jain, Dr. Rajesh Uikey, Dr. Naresh Jain

Abstract


Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic inammatory disorder characterized by high levels of aminotransferase and auto antibodies,
hypergammaglobulinemia and interface hepatitis. The etiology of AIH has not been completely elucidated, but immunogenetic background and
environmental parameters may contribute to itsdevelopment. Autoimmune hepatitis does not have a pathgnomonic features, and its
laboratory,serologic, andhistologic manifestations are found in acute and chronic liver disease of diverse causes.Autoimmune Hepatitis can be
compared to mandya Bhutangni in Yakrit. According to Ayurveda,Yakrut is the main site of Bhutangni and one of the sub types of pitta namely
Ranjakapitta. This Bhutangni helps in the digestion process as well as Ranjakapitta imparts colour to the blood. According to Charkathe digestion
of food by jatharangi results in the breakdown of food in to ve distinct physiochemical groups. Jatharangi ignites the Agni fraction present in each
of ve groups. This Bhutangni then converts the respective portion in to assimilable form. If the function of Bhutangni is not proper, at this stage
Ama would be produced is called Bhutangni Manda janya Ama. If Agni improperly processed during digestion and metabolism of food it disturbs
the process leading formation of Ama. Which is responsible for the manifestation of almost all disease especially autoimmune hepatitis compared
with Bhutangni giving a detailed literature overview of Bhutangni, Immunopathogenesis (Ama production) and diagnostic criteria.


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References


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