A CLINICO-EPIDEMOLOGICAL STUDY OF MELASMA IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Aman Goyal, Sunil Kumar, Dr.Poonam Verma

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common acquired hyperpigmentary disorder characterized by irregular light or dark
brown macules in sunexposed areas of skin. It is a consequence of specific hyperfunctional melanocytes that cause
excessive melanin deposition in skin.
AIMS – Our present research aims to study the clinico-epidemological profile and precipitating and aggravating factors
of melasma.
MATERIAL AND METHODS – Three hundred patients of melasma attending out-patient department of dermatology
were included in the study.
RESULTS – The mean age of melasma patient in our study was 32.3 years with the female to male ratio of 3:1. The mean
age of onset was 26.87 years. The mean duration of disease in present study was 6.23 years. Centrofacial melasma and
epidermal type were the most common pattern seen. Familial predisposition, pregnancy, sun-exposure were the most
common triggering factors observed.
CONCLUSION – The study indicates was melasma has a wide variation in its clinico-epidemological profile and many
factors are involved in its etiopathogenesis.


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