SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND LEVELS OF AIR QUALITY PARAMETERS WITHIN ASABA AND ENVIRONS, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

Prof. Atubi, Augustus, Osoyibo, Joseph

Abstract


This study investigated the levels and spatial distribution of key air quality parameters within Asaba and environs. Five
locations were sampled to assess the concentration of Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), Sulphur dioxide (SO2), hydrogen
sulphide (H2S), carbon monoxide (CO) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Measurement of Air pollutants
methods approved by ASTM was adopted for each specific parameter. All equipment and meters were properly precalibrated
before each usage for quality assurance. Findings of the study showed that measured levels of CO (0.08-0.20
ppm), H2S (0.01-0.10 ppm) and VOCs (13-20 ppm) in all sampling areas were below World Health Organization (WHO)
and National Air Quality (NAQ) Guidelines and Standards for ambient conditions. However, NO2 (0.11-0.25 ppm) in all
sampling areas was quite high and above regulatory limits. SO2 (0.15-0.25 ppm) was within the acceptable limit in Okwe
and Ibusa but above regulatory limits in Asaba, Anwai and Okpanam. The results suggest Routine measurements should
be made on a continuous basis to ascertain the volume of gaseous pollutants in the urban and rural environments


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adejoke, C.O., Andile, M., & Murembiwa, S.M. (2019). Health risks of exposure to air pollutants among students in schools in the vicinities of coal mines. Special Collection: Energy Exploration and Human Health, 37(6), 1638–1656

Akpoghelie, J.O., Irerhievwie, G.O., Agbaire, P.O. & Orisaremi, A. (2016). An assessment of air squality in sub – urban cities in Isoko, Delta State Nigeria. Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS), 7(4): 179-185.

ATSDR (2016). Toxicological profile for hydrogen sulfide and carbonyl sulfide produced by the agency for toxic substances and disease registry, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service in Atlanta, GA.

Atubi, A. O. (2011). Effects of Warri Refinery Effluents on Water Quality from the Iffie River, Delta State, Nigeria. American Review of Political Economy, 45-56.

Atubi, A. O. (2012). Multivariate Analysis of the factors of socio-economic development of Nigeria: A case study of Delta State, Nigeria. Contemporary Journal of Social Sciences (CJSS) 1 & 2:112-123.

Atubi, A. O. (2015a). Factors of environmental degradation in oil producing communities of Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 58-70

Atubi, A. O. (2015b). Effects of oil spillage on human health in producing communities of Delta State, Nigeria. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 4(8), 14 – 30

Baumgartner, J. 1. (2014). Highway proximity and black carbon from cookstoves as a risk factor for higher blood pressure in rural China. PubMed.

Brooks, G. F., Carrol, K. C., Butel, J. S., & Morse, S. A. (2007). Jawetz, Melnick, and Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology 24th Edition. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Inc. New York (pp. 145-160)

Colbeck, I., & Lazaridis, M. (2010). Aerosol and environmental pollution. Biomed. Life Sci. 97,117-131

Ghorani‑Azam, A., Riahi‑Zanjani, B., & Balali‑Mood, M. (2016). Effects of air pollution on human health and practical measures for prevention in Iran. J Res Med Sci., 21:65.

Gładka, A., Rymaszewska, J., & Zatoński, T. (2018). Impact of air pollution on depression and suicide. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 31(6), 711 – 721 https://doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.01277

Gruzieva O, B. A. (2013). Exposure to air pollution from traffic and childhood asthma until 12 years of age. NCBI.

Hathout, E. H. (2002). Role of exposure to air pollutants in the development of type 1 diabetes before and after 5 yr of age. PubMed.

Ibe, F.C., Opara, A.I., Njoku, P.C., & Alinnor, J.I. (2017). Ambient Air Quality Assessment of Orlu, Southeastern, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 17(9), 441-457

Landrigan, P. J., Fuller, R., Acosta, N. J. R., Adeyi, O., Arnold, R., Basu, N. N., & Zhong, M. (2017). The Lancet Commission on pollution and health. The Lancet, 6736(17)32345

Lelieveld, J., Klingmuller, K., Pozzer, A., Poschl, U., Fnais, M., Daiber, A., & Munzel, T. (2019). Cardiovascular disease burden fromambient air pollution in Europe reassessed using novel hazard ratio functions. European Heart Journal, 40, 1590–1596.

Menezes, J.A., Viana, G.F.D., & Paes, C.R. (2012). Determinants of Lead exposure in children on the outskirts of Salvador, Brazil. Environ. Monit. Assess. 184, 2593-2603

Nkwocha, E. E., Egejuru, R. O., Pat-Mbano, E. C., & Njoku-Tony, R. F. (2011). Proximity of municipal waste dumpsite to residential neighborhoods and rate of hospitalization for malaria. Review in Infection (in press). 2012. Global Health Estimates Technical Paper WHO/HIS/HSI/GHE/2014.7. Available: http://www.who.int/entity/healthinfo/global_burd en_disease/GlobalCOD_method_2000_2012.pdf. Accessed on 29 th November, 2015.

Nwachukwu, A. N. 1., Chukwuocha, E. O., & Igbudu, O. (2012). A survey on the effects of air pollution on diseases of the people of Rivers State, Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 6(10), 371-379.

Nwachukwu, A.N., & Ugwuanyi, J.U. (2010). Air pollution and its possible health effects on rural dwellers in Rivers State, Nigeria. Afr. J. Phys. 3, 217-240.

Ogbija, T. E. (2014). Effects of environmental degradation on human health in selected oil communities in delta state. (Unpublished M.Sc Thesis, Delta State University, Abraka

Olajire, A.A., Azeez, L. & Oluyemi, E.A. (2011). Exposure to hazardous air pollutants along Oba Akran road, Lagos-Nigeria. Chemosphere, 84(7): 1044-1051.

Sun Z., & Zhu D (2019) Exposure to outdoor air pollution and its human health outcomes: A scoping review. PLoS ONE 14(5), e0216550.

Ugwuanyi, J. U., & Obi, F. C. (2002). A survey of health effects of air pollution on peasant farmers in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 3(56), 234-543

Vlatka, G., Elvira, K.A., & Josip, B. (2011). Influence of meteorological factors NO2, SO2, CO and PM10 on the concentration of O3 in urban atmosphere of Eastern Croatia. Environ. Monit. Assess. 16, 491-501.

WHO (2014). Air quality and health, fact sheet No. 313, WHO Media Centre. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheets/fs313/en/. Accessed October 10, 2019

WHO (2018). Culled from aidforum.org/index.php/Topics/health-and-wash/air-pollution-kills-7-million-each-year-90-of-which-are-in-low-incomecount, accessed May 3, 2018.

William, R.K. (2012). Effects of air pollution on athlete health and performance. Br. J. Sports Med. 46, 407-412.

Willy, J.M., Sherwood, M.L., & Woolverton, C.J. (2008). Prescott, Harley and and Klein's microbiology. [Joanne M Willey; Linda Sherwood; Christopher J Woolverton; Lansing M Prescott]

World Health Organization (WHO) (2016) WHO releases country estimates on air pollution exposure and health impact. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2016/air-pollutionestimates/en/ (accessed 24 January 2018).

Yelda A.T., & Mustafa, K. (2011). Air pollutants and its effects on human healthy: the case of the city of Trabzon, advanced topics in environmental health and air pollution case studies, Prof. Anca Moldoveanu (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-525-9, InTech, Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/advanced-topics-in-environmental-health-and-air-pollution-case-studies/airpollutants-and-its-effects-on-human-healthy-the-case-of-the-city-of-trabzon


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.